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Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex)

Ubuntu Intrepid Ibex(Hardy Heronの後継)は、リリース スケジュールに表明されていたとおり、2008年10月30日にリリースされました。このガイドは、このリリースの日になるまでり、Intrepid Ibexが安定し、実稼働環境が整うまでは、主に早期導入者とテスターを対象にしています。どうか、このガイドをテストし完成させてください。

このガイドはMichael Favia (Austin, TX USA)によって開始され、以下の方々によって継続されています。

1. Mustakimnajib (Melaka, Malaysia)


Contents

序文

Intrepidについて

  • Ubuntu 8.10は、2008年10月30日にリリースされました。
  • Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heronの後継で、コードネームはIntrepid Ibex(勇敢な野生ヤギ)です。
  • このリリースの主な焦点は、パフォーマンス(新たなデフォルトのテーマの導入、広範で単純、もしくは手動設定不要なインターネットアクセス)を改善することでdesktop experienceを改善することにあります。 Mark Shuttleworthの紹介メッセージ

Ubuntu 壁紙

wiki.ubuntuよりダウンロードしてください。フリーです。

Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron)からUbuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibix)へアップグレードするための簡単ガイド

ubuntu 8.04からubuntu 8.10にアップグレードしたいのであれば、こちらの簡明なチュートリアルアップグレード ガイドを参照してください。

パッケージ マネージメントについて

Ubuntuは"debs"と呼ばれるパッケージを使用しています。"debs"パッケージは依存したり対立したりしている巨大なネットワークを通じて互いに関連付けられています。このシステムを通じてパッケージをインストールしたり削除したりすると、適切なファイルが自動的にインストールされ、設定され、削除されることが保証されています。できるなら、ソフトウェアを手動で、またはカスタム インストレーション スクリプトを使用してソフトウェアをインストールする代わりに、このシステムを活用することがベストです。大多数のソフトウェアは、Ubuntuソフトウェア レポジトリから利用可能です。また、特定のソフトウェアの最新バージョンが必要であるなら、"パーソナル パッケージ アーカイブ(PPA)"から追加することができます。

使用しているバージョンを確認するには

次のコマンドを使用します:

lsb_release -a

使用しているカーネルのバージョンを確認するには

次のコマンドを使用します:

 uname -r

Ubuntuのより新しいバージョン

  • Ubuntuは6カ月間のリリースサイクルを採用しています。
  • これらのリリースは,4月と10月に行われます。
  • The next release is scheduled for the 30th of October, 2008 and will be Ubuntu 8.10 which is Intrepid+1.

The next release is scheduled for the 30th of October, 2008 and will be Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex) which is Hardy+1.

About Ubuntu and Official Ubuntu Derivatives

Ubuntu 8.04 Guides and Links

Ubuntu Screenshots

Ubuntu 8.10 Alpha 1 Screenshots Gallery

view modified theme and wallpaper here:[1]

Ubuntu Intrepid Ibex LAMP Server

In around 15 minutes, the time it takes to install Ubuntu Server Edition, you can have a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) server up and ready to go. This feature, exclusive to Ubuntu Server Edition, is available at the time of installation

Check This Simple tutorial to setup.

Dual-Booting Windows and Ubuntu

You may experience problems dual-booting Ubuntu and Windows Vista given the way Windows Vista's new bootloader works and how it expects the MBR and bootsector to behave. Wubi (Windows-based Ubuntu Installer) is an officially supported dual-boot installer. If you are having problems with Wubi, EasyBCD is a free Windows-based program that makes it easy to dual-boot Windows Vista and Ubuntu (amongst other distros), safely and quickly.

Dual-Booting Mac OSX and Ubuntu

Mac OSX is popular unix and stable as linux.

Installing mac after ubuntu

If you decide to make dual boot between this OS, very important thing you must do during ubuntu installation is choosing ext2 in your ubuntu partition. Yet, you must already have Super Grub Disk's cd before install all this method. Burn iso image in your mini cd. Find SGD at *http://supergrub.forjamari.linex.org If you already installed ubuntu, add this to your intrepid's menu.lst

title Mac OSX
root (hd0,0)
makeactive
chainloader +1

Reboot pc and boot mac osx ang go to terminal. If you find a problem to boot, insert mac osx dvd. Press F8 and enter -s. Copy this after verbose have finish.

fdisk -e /dev/rdisk0
flag 2 <--note that flag 2 is my mac partiton number two
quit
y
reboot

If you still have a doubt about it, insert Super Grub Disk and make a grub active.

Installing ubuntu after mac

If get error message in boot such as HFS+error in bootloader. USE SUPER GRUB DISK. SGD is useful tool for recover linux grub and windows MBR.

Add this to your intrepid's menu.lst

title Mac OSX
root (hd0,0)
makeactive
chainloader +1

All menu.lst attaced here is for example. If you have a doubt to boot mac or windows in grub, choose title mac osx in grub menu, we will edit it please enter:

e

on title macosx, change root (hd0,0) to

root (hd0,1)

it's mean, you will boot in partition number 1. Press enter and:

b

You will boot to mac osx or windows. If still doubt, you can try any number,

mac osx guide

Manual Method for Adding Repositories

  • Create a backup of your current list of sources.
sudo cp -p /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup
  • Open the list of sources in a text editor

Ubuntu users:

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  • Replace everything with the following lines

ubuntu intrepid sources.list

## UBUNTU REPOSITORIES
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid universe
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid universe
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates universe
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates universe
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid multiverse
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid multiverse
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates multiverse
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates multiverse
deb-src http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu intrepid partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu intrepid partner
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security multiverse
deb http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-proposed restricted main multiverse universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security multiverse
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntume.team/ubuntu intrepid main # Ubuntu Muslim Edition
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntume.team/ubuntu intrepid main # Ubuntu Muslim Edition
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu intrepid main
## +++ Backports & Proposed (Ubuntu Unstable) +++
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
## +++ Source Repositories +++
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu hardy main
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted
##Universe
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid universe
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates universe
## Multiverse
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid multiverse
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates multiverse
## Backports
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
## Canonical Partner Repository
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu intrepid partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu intrepid partner
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu intrepid-security multiverse
## PLF REPOSITORY
deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ gutsy free non-free
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/reacocard-awn/ubuntu gutsy main
## +++ Medibuntu +++
deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ hardy free non-free
deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ intrepid free non-free
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu hardy main
deb http://playonlinux.botux.net/ hardy main
  • Save the edited file
wget -q http://packages.medibuntu.org/medibuntu-key.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
wget -q http://playonlinux.botux.net/pol.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update

Internet Broadband Connection

Broadband wireless connection (GPRS, EDGE, UMTS and HSDPA) are very popular and famous nowaday. Connecting internet directly by usb, pcmcia, wireless broadband router, bluetooth etc is easy now. But how to make it easier?

he220r1 release

he220r1 was made special to huawei E220 usb modem user but also supported any 3G devices included mobile phone. The he220r1 is for ubuntu, kubuntu, edubuntu, and all ubuntu based such as gos, ubuntu CE, ubuntu ME, poseidon, open-geu, mythbuntu, ubuntu-studio, ultimate, fluxbuntu, embun, ubuntulite, fluxbuntu, blankon etc. I think this is good news for ubuntu user because ubuntu is a top 5 hits ranking in distrowatch, got many user and fan and very practically to newbies. Please refer to he220r1 official blogsite at he220r1 The he220r1 will set up ttyUSB0, ttyACM0, ttySHSF0, ttySL0, ttynoz0,ttytts0, ttyircomm0, tty0 and ttyifcomm0 in ubuntu directory. With he220r1, you can connect internet easily by terminal or kppp, gppp, network applet, vodafone-mobile-connect-card-driver-for linux and UMTSMON., Be a first one to download it. Get he220r1 free direct download at:

torrent version: (maybe very slow)

Graphics cards and displays

xorg.conf

Before installing any driver for ATI or nvidia, please make backup xorg.conf before follow this method.

sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /home/user

If you have edited this file but would like it to be automatically updated again, run the following command:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg

If you want to try this xorg.conf after installing the driver, you must back up your xorg.conf as following. And then, edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf in text editor. Add or modify this xorg.conf sample.

xorg.conf for nvidia
 Section "Screen"
 Identifier "Default Screen"
 Device "Configured Video Device"
 Monitor "Configured Monitor"
 SubSection "Display"
 Depth 16
 Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768"
 Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
 EndSubSection

 Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
 Defaultdepth 24
 EndSection
 Section "Module"
 Load "glx"
 Load "GLcore"
 Load "v4l"
 EndSection
 Section "Device"
 Identifier "Configured Video Device"
 Boardname "vesa"
 Busid "PCI:1:0:0"
 Driver "nvidia"
 Screen 0
 EndSection
 
 Section "Device"
 Identifier "Device0"
 BoardName "Generic Geforce 5500"
 Driver "nvidia"
 Vendorname "NVIDIA Corporation"
 Option "DualHead" "1"
 Option "ShadowFB" "1"
 Option "FPScale" "1"
 Option "TwinView" "True"
 Option "TwinViewOrientation" "RightOf"
 Option "UseEdidFreqs" "True"
 Option "Metamodes" "1024x768,1024x768"
 Option "UseDisplayDevice" "DFP"
 EndSection
 
 Section "Device"
 Identifier "Videocard0"
 Driver "nv"
 VendorName "NVIDIA Corporation"
 BoardName "GeForce 7600 GT"
 EndSection
 
 Section "InputDevice"
 Identifier "Generic Keyboard"
 Driver "kbd"
 Option "XkbRules" "xorg"
 Option "XkbModel" "pc105"
 Option "XkbLayout" "us"
 EndSection

 Section "InputDevice"
 Identifier "Configured Mouse"
 Driver "mouse"
 EndSection
 Section "ServerLayout"
 Identifier "Default Layout"
 screen 0 "Default Screen" 0 0
 EndSection
 
 Section "Extensions"
 Option "Composite" "Enable"
 EndSection

Installation of ATI and nVidia Graphics drivers

NVidia Driver

If you have problems with Nvidia drivers after upgrade check This guide for common problem with nvidia and solutions.

  • Please make backup xorg.conf before following this method.

Install the nvidia-setting package:

 sudo apt-get install nvidia-settings

Download Nvidia driver at http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us and place it at your home directory. After finish download, close all opened window and press F1. Log in and enter password and then just dial your internet. Press F2, kill gdm or kdm season by entering sudo killall <your desktop manager>, example:

 sudo killall gdm      

Install nvidia driver. Make sure you are at nvidia driver directory. If you download it and placed in Desktop, make sure to change a directory first.

cd Desktop

To install it, enter /NVIDIA-Linux-x**-***.**-pkg1.run, example if you downloaded Nvidia version 173.80:

sudo ./NVIDIA-Linux-x86-173.80-pkg1.run

choose yes to any verbose response. After finish installing the driver, reboot your computer.

sudo reboot

ATI Driver

Dock on Ubuntu Intrepid

Beautiful dock in linux arena are avant window manager and wbar and it has been using by gOS as default dock.

avant window manager

1. A very important software that you must install are:

sudo apt-get install avant-window-navigator-bzr xfwm4 xcompmgr awn-core-applets-bzr awn-manager-bzr compiz compizconfig-settings-manager libawn-bzr-dev libawn0-bzr

2. This will install important package to awn setting. Ok after installing, open menu-system-preferences-sessions. Add new sessions:

compiz
xcompmgr
xfwm4
avant-window-navigator-delay

4. close sessions after added.

5. Now open system-preferences-awn manager, at general tab, check box automatically start awn..., Still in awn manager, choose Applets dialogue and activate stacks applet at least 3 item. And now you can choose othe applets.

6. Close awn manager. (During the settings, your desktop maybe freeze)

7. Press Alt+F2 button and activate

compiz
xcompmgr
avant-window-navigator


Another way

1. Include sources. Open your terminal, type the command

echo 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/reacocard-awn/ubuntu intrepid main' | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
echo 'deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/reacocard-awn/ubuntu intrepid main' | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list

2.Then update the source

sudo apt-get update

3.Install package

sudo apt-get install avant-window-navigator-bzr awn-core-applets-bzr awn-manager-bzr xfwm4 xcompmgr libawn-bzr-dev libawn0-bzr

wbar

Find wbar in synaptic (need to update your repo first). After installed libimlib2-dev and wbar, start wbar with your initial settings, press alt+F2:

wbar -isize 48 -j 1 -p bottom -balfa 40 -bpress -nanim 3 -z 2.5 -above-desk

configure wbar

First off be sure to look at:

wbar --help

its got all the options listed there. Heres the line I use to open mine, look at the screen shot below:

wbar -above-desk -pos bottom -isize 60 -nanim 1 -bpress -jumpf 0.0 -zoomf 1.5

note that if you want the "wave" effect just increase the -nanim value, I like the icons to just pop up so I don't use it, with 9 icons 5 is a nice "wave" effect.

Note the paths are all absolute, do that and your font and image problems are solved. If you can't see hidden folder, just enter ctrl + h on home/user nautilus. If you can't find .wbar directory, maybe you can gedit it here::

sudo gedit /usr/share/wbar/dot.wbar

more wbar-guide

Multimedia

Playing VCD on VLC

This is how to playing VCDs.

Open file, In the Open Disc dialogue, click at Disc tab and chosing VCD at disc type gives me this:

vcdx:///dev/hdd :audio-track=0

in the advanced options /dev/hdd is my CD-ROM drive, obviously. Remove x and change that to:

vcd:///dev/hdd :audio-track=0

Add-on Applications

How to install applications for study of religious texts

How to install Gnomesword (Bible study program)

  • This installs the english version of the program.
sudo apt-get install gnomesword sword-language-pack-en sword-text-web
  • If you require other languages type:
sudo apt-cache search bible
  • Take a look at the sword-language-pack's and the sword-text's for additional languages and install as needed.

Gnomesword is found under Applications-->Accessories.

How to install a Quran study tool (Zekr)

Zekr is an open platform Quran study tool for simply browsing and researching on the Quran.

  • Make sure that You have enabled universe and multiverse Ubuntu repositories.
  • Install zekr with the following command:
sudo apt-get install zekr zekr-quran-translations-en ttf-sil-scheherazade ttf-farsiweb
  • You can add more Quran translations from here.
  • If you like to upgrade to the latest stable version of zekr, which supports Quran Recitation and advanced boolean/regular expression search, follow instructions available at Zekr wiki.

Add Ubuntu Desktop to windows Active directory and integrate windows AD with Smba server

Likewise Open is a free, open source application that joins Linux, Unix, and Mac machines to Microsoft Active Directory and securely authenticates users with their domain credentials.

This Tutorial How to add Ubuntu to win server Active Directory Domain

This Tutorial How to Integrate windows Active Directory and Samba in Ubuntu

Tips and Trick

Freeze

There are many tricks to try to fix a frozen PC. Press Alt+F2, and use killall to end the frozen application. Example:

killall amarok
killall firefox

Another trick to try is pressing Alt+Ctrl+backspace. This will log you out. But, what happens if this does not work? Try pressing Ctrl+Alt+F1,login, enter your password and run:

sudo killall gdm
sudo startx

Enable to see hidden file

Open nautilus, press:

Ctrl+ H


alien

to keeps alien from changing the version number use the following command

alien -k rpm_file_name.rpm

Convert the package.rpm into a package.deb

alien -d package-name.rpm

Convert the package.rpm into a package.deb, and install the generated package

alien -i package-name.rpm

To convert .rpm to debian

sudo alien -k *.rpm
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