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Unofficial Ubuntu 6.10 (Edgy Eft) Starter Guide

Ubuntu 6.10 (Edgy Eft) was released on October 26, 2006. This guide is still a work in progress. Your help in testing and perfecting this guide is needed.

This guide was started by Chua Wen Kiat (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). It is now being maintained by the Linux Center of University of Latvia, and everyone else who is willing to contribute.

This guide can be discussed at the official UbuntuGuide.org Forum at ubuntuforums.org. Stop by and join the discussion.


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If you have any questions, send us an e-mail to ubuntuguide -at- ubuntuguide.org


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Older versions

基本備註

  1. 這是一份非官方 Ubuntu 6.06 (Dapper Drake) 使用者手冊。這份文件與 Ubuntu 以及 Canonical Ltd. 無關。
  2. This guide can be discussed at the official UbuntuGuide.org Forum at ubuntuforums.org. Stop by and join the discussion.
  3. 當您看到黑色框,表示您要在終端機(應用程式 -> 附屬應用程式 -> 終端機)內執行黑色框內的指令,或者使用其他類似的指令執行內容。
  4. 若怕輸入錯誤,可以將指令複製在終端機內貼上。(複製貼上方式有兩種,一種是用滑鼠將指令反白代表複製,然後在終端機內按右鍵即可貼上。另外一種是用 Ctrl+C 複製,用 Shift+Insert 貼上)
  5. "sudo" 代表超級使用者執行。 輸入 "sudo" 後會出現 "Password:" 提示符號,請輸入您的密碼。
  6. 如果您想要了解更多關於指令的資訊,簡單方式是在終端機模式下輸入 "man" 指令。舉例來說,"man sudo" 將會顯示 "sudo" 這指令完整使用方法。
  7. 如果您覺得每次輸入 "aptitude" 很麻煩,請參閱 #如何簡單使用 apt-get 指令 (Synaptic 套件管理程式)。
  8. "aptitude" 和 "wget" 這兩個指令都要透過網際網路來安裝/更新/下載程式。
  9. All references to "apt-get" have been replaced with "aptitude". You may still safely use "apt-get" if you wish. This may be discussed in the Ubuntu Forums
  10. 下載檔案時,可以在鏈結上面按滑鼠右鍵->選擇 "鏈結另存新檔..." -> 確定輸入檔名和副檔名是正確的。
  11. 如果您想要幫忙翻譯 Ubuntu 正體中文或者其他語言,請到 https://launchpad.net/ 參與翻譯。
  12. 如果您有任何疑問或者發現任何問題,請到這邊反應 給我們
  13. 願 "humanity to others" 的精神長伴您左右...
如果您是使用 64-bit 版本,請將 "i386" 換成 "amd64"

開始的第一步

何處可以看到 Ubuntu 畫面擷取 / 畫面播放

何處可以看到 Kubuntu 畫面擷取 / 畫面播放

何處可以看到 Xubuntu 畫面擷取 / 畫面播放

何處可以看到 Edubuntu 畫面擷取 / 畫面播放

何處可以看到 *buntu 畫面擷取 / 畫面播放

何處可以找到最新程式

何處可以找到美化您的桌面網站

Installing Additional Software

如何新增其他的套件庫?

  • 請參閱 #基本備註
  • 您可以透過 Synaptic 套件管理程式增加其他套件庫,請參閱 #如何用 Synaptic 增加額外套件庫。新使用者可以透過 Synaptic 套件管理程式,更方便管理套件庫。如果您要按照上面連結,下面敘述可以跳過。
sudo cp -p /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  • 用下面這幾行取代
請使用您當地的伺服器,您可以在archive.ubuntu.com 前面加上 "cc." (cc = 您的國家代號)
舉例來說台灣使用者 deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy main restricted universe multiverse
## Add comments (##) in front of any line to remove it from being checked.   
## Use the following sources.list at your own risk.  

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

## MAJOR BUG FIX UPDATES produced after the final release
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-updates main restricted universe multiverse

## UBUNTU SECURITY UPDATES
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security main restricted universe multiverse

## BACKPORTS REPOSITORY (Unsupported.  May contain illegal packages.  Use at own risk.)
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse

## PLF REPOSITORY (Unsupported.  May contain illegal packages.  Use at own risk.)
deb http://medibuntu.sos-sts.com/repo/ edgy free
deb http://medibuntu.sos-sts.com/repo/ edgy non-free
deb-src http://medibuntu.sos-sts.com/repo/ edgy free
deb-src http://medibuntu.sos-sts.com/repo/ edgy non-free
                                                                                                                                         
## CANONICAL COMMERCIAL REPOSITORY (Hosted on Canonical servers, not Ubuntu
## servers. RealPlayer10, Opera, DesktopSecure and more to come.) 
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu edgy-commercial main

## Listen
#deb http://theli.free.fr/packages/ edgy listen
  • 儲存已修改後的檔案
wget -q http://medibuntu.sos-sts.com/repo/medibuntu-key.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo aptitude update
  • 您可以增加其他套件庫設定來當作您的 sources.list :
http://www.ubuntulinux.nl/source-o-matic
  • 除非您了解您做的事情,否則修改 Ubuntu 預設的 sources.list,加入混合其他套件庫,會有損壞的風險。

How to add extra repositories on DVDs

對於某些使用者無法透過網路下載套件,是一件非常困擾的問題。您可以下載 DVD 版本光碟片,並用 DVD 安裝而不需要透過網路。

  • 下載 DVDs
i386 版本
Main Repository
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD1
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD2
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD3
amd64 版本
Main Repository
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD1
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD2
Universe - Multiverse - Restricted DVD3


  • 系統 -> 管理 -> Synaptic 套件管理員
  • 加入 DVD 光碟片至套件庫清單
    1. 設定 -> 套件庫 -> 第三方
    2. 將 DVD 放入光碟機內,並選擇加入光碟片
    3. 加入 DVD 名稱
    4. 若有其他 DVD 光碟片,也按照同樣的步驟加入。

"自動安裝" 方式

如何安裝 EasyUbuntu
  • 請參閱 #基本備註
  • Easy Ubuntu 是一個輕小前導工具,讓使用者方便安裝比較麻煩的套件,像多媒體編碼、字型、Macromedia Flash 以及 Sun Java。

請在 選單 -> 附屬應用程式 -> 終端機 開啟終端機程式,並執行下面指令

wget http://easyubuntu.freecontrib.org/files/easyubuntu-3.023.tar.gz
tar -zxf easyubuntu-3.023.tar.gz
cd easyubuntu
cp packagelist-dapper.pot packagelist-edgy.pot
cp packagelist-dapper.xml packagelist-edgy.xml
sudo python easyubuntu.in
  • 從 Easy Ubuntu 視窗內,點選要安裝的應用程式至 Ubuntu。
  • 注意: Users of the previous EasyUbuntu 3.0 version may experience issues with installing Flash and Java.
  • If you would like automatic update, then follow these instructions:

depending on which version of Ubuntu you're using:

On Ubuntu:

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

On Kubuntu:

sudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

On Xubuntu:

gksudo mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list

In your text editor which will open, add to the bottom of your /etc/apt/sources.list file:

deb http://easyubuntu.cafuego.net main easyubuntu

From now on, EasyUbuntu should be automatically updated.

How To Uninstall EasyUbuntu
sudo aptitude remove easyubuntu
  • Delete the easyubuntu directory
How to install Automatix2 on Ubuntu, Kubuntu, and Xubuntu
  • Read #General Notes
  • Automatix2 is Automatix written in python with a more user friendly interface and better overall design for automating the installation of the most commonly requested applications in Ubuntu/Kubuntu/Xubuntu linux.
  • Note: Before installing, please note that certain codecs it provides may be prohibited in certain countries. You are responsible for ensuring those laws are not broken.
  • Note: Please note that if you are using Xubuntu where it says "sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list" please replace with "gksudo mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list".
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list 
  • Add the following lines at the end of file
## Automatix repo
deb http://www.getautomatix.com/apt edgy main
  • NOTE: Kubuntu/Xubuntu users will need to uncomment (remove the # before the word "deb") all the additional sources as well as add the automatix repository.
  • Now save and close /etc/apt/sources.list and run the following commands from terminal (one by one, hitting enter after each step)
wget http://www.getautomatix.com/apt/key.gpg.asc
gpg --import key.gpg.asc
gpg --export --armor 521A9C7C | sudo apt-key add -

  • Update APT
sudo aptitude update
  • Run the following commands to install Automatix2
sudo aptitude install automatix2

  • Automatix2 can be started from the the Menu
Menu -> System -> Automatix
  • Automatix2 can be run from terminal by typing the folowing
automatix2
Another script to install additional programs

Note: Many of these programs are included in Automatix2.

wget http://www.iki.fi/kuparine/comp/ubuntu/install.sh
sh install.sh

More information about this installation method can be found at http://www.iki.fi/kuparine/comp/ubuntu/install.html

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